The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies (HCSS) helps governments, non-governmental organizations and the private sector to understand the fast-changing environment and seeks to anticipate the challenges of the future with practical policy solutions and advice.


TNO, the Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research TNO, was founded by law in 1932 to enable business and government to apply knowledge. As an organization regulated by public law, we are independent: not part of any government, university or company. We believe in the joint creation of economic and social value. TNO connects people and knowledge to create innovations that boost the competitive strength of industry and the well-being of society in a sustainable way. We focus on transitions or changes in five social themes: Industry; Healthy Living; Defense, Safety & Security; Urbanization and Energy.


Trinomics ( aims to support better policy-making in the cross-cutting fields of energy, environment and climate change and to have an impact on the policy agenda. We strive to be at the forefront of assessing new and current policy options and their implementation, closely linking with the strengths of our strategic partner TNO, a Dutch knowledge and innovation powerhouse.